ʻO ke kumu a me ka hoʻolauleʻa ʻana i ka Mid-Autumn Festival

ʻO kēlā me kēia makahiki ma ka lā ʻumikumamālima o ka mahina ʻewalu, ʻo ia ka Mid-Autumn Festival ma koʻu ʻāina. ʻO ka waenakonu kēia o ka ʻauʻau o ka makahiki, no laila ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ka Mid-Autumn Festival. ʻO ia hoʻi ka lua o ka ʻahaʻaina kuʻuna nui loa ma Kina ma hope o ka Spring Festival.

Ma ka kalena lunar Kina, ua māhele ʻia ka makahiki i ʻehā kau, a ua māhele ʻia kēlā me kēia kau i ʻekolu ʻāpana: Meng, Zhong, a me Ji, no laila ua kapa ʻia ka Mid-Autumn Festival ʻo Zhongqiu. ʻOi aku ka poepoe o ka mahina ma ka lā 15 o ʻAukake ma mua o ka mahina piha i nā mahina ʻē aʻe, no laila ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ʻo Moon Night, Autumn Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, August Festival, August Meeting, Moon Chasing Festival, Moon Playing Festival, a me Moon. ʻO ka ʻaha hoʻomana, ka lā kaikamahine, a i ʻole ka hui hou ʻana, he ʻahaʻaina moʻomeheu kuʻuna kaulana i waena o nā lāhui he nui ma Kina. I kēia pō, nānā ka poʻe i ka mahina ʻālohilohi i ka lewa, a ke kakali maoli nei i kahi hui hou ʻana o ka ʻohana. No laila, kapa ʻia ka Mid-Autumn Festival ʻo "Reunion Festival".

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia, ʻo ka mahina ka mea kokoke loa i ka honua i kēia pō, a ʻo ka mahina ka mea nui a ʻoi aku ka mālamalama, no laila, ua mau ka ʻahaʻaina a me ka mahalo i ka mahina mai ka wā kahiko. Aia kekahi mau wahi i hoʻonohonoho ʻia ai ka Mid-Autumn Festival ma ʻAukake 16, e like me Ningbo, Taizhou, a me Zhoushan. Ua like kēia me ka wā i noho ai ʻo Fang Guozhen iā Wenzhou, Taizhou, a me Mingzhou, i mea e pale aku ai i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana o nā luna aupuni Yuan a me nā koa a me Zhu Yuantian. ʻO ʻAukake 16 ka Mid-Autumn Festival”. Eia kekahi, ma Hong Kong, ma hope o ka Mid-Autumn Festival, he nui ka leʻaleʻa, a aia kekahi carnival ma ka pō ʻumikumamāono, i kapa ʻia ʻo "Chasing the Moon".

Uaʻike muaʻia ka hua'ōlelo "Mid-Autumn Festival" ma ka puke "Zhou Li", a ua hoʻokumuʻia kaʻahaʻaina aupuni maoli ma ka Tang Dynasty. He ʻano maʻamau ka poʻe Kina i ke ahiahi o ke ahiahi a me ka mahina ahiahi i ka wā kahiko. "Mahina ahiahi", ʻo ia hoʻi, hoʻomana i ke akua mahina. I ka Zhou Dynasty, ua mālama ʻia kēlā me kēia Mid-Autumn Festival e hoʻokipa i ke anuanu a hoʻomana i ka mahina. E hoʻonoho i ka papa ʻaina ʻala nui, a e kau i nā keke mahina, nā ʻalani, nā ʻōlaʻi, nā lā ʻulaʻula, nā plums, nā hua waina, a me nā mōhai ʻē aʻe, a i loko o ia mau mea he mea nui loa nā keke mahina a me nā wai. E ʻokiʻoki i ka wai me ke ʻano lotus. Ma lalo o ka mahina, hoʻonoho ʻia ke kiʻi o ka mahina ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka mahina, ua hoʻomālamalama ʻia ke kukui ʻulaʻula, hoʻomana ka ʻohana holoʻokoʻa i ka mahina, a laila ʻoki ka wahine hale i ke keke mahina no ka hui hou ʻana. Pono ka mea nāna i ʻoki e helu mua i ka nui o nā kānaka o ka ʻohana holoʻokoʻa. E helu pū ʻia ka poʻe ma ka home a me ka poʻe ma waho o ke kūlanakauhale. ʻAʻole hiki iā lākou ke ʻoki i ka nui a i ʻole ka liʻiliʻi, a pono e like ka nui.

I ka moʻokūʻauhau ʻo Tang, kaulana loa ka nānā ʻana a me ka pāʻani ʻana me ka mahina i ka Mid-Autumn Festival. Ma ka Northern Song Dynasty, i ka pō 15 o ka malama ʻewalu, ua ʻaʻahu nā kānaka a puni ke kūlanakauhale, inā he waiwai a ʻilihune paha, ʻōpio a ʻelemakule paha, e ʻaʻahu i nā lole makua, kuni i ka mea ʻala a hoʻomana i ka mahina e hōʻike i ko lākou makemake a pule no ka hoopomaikai i ke akua mahina. I ka Southern Song Dynasty, hāʻawi ka poʻe i nā keke mahina i kekahi i kekahi, ʻo ia hoʻi ka hui hou ʻana. Ma kekahi mau wahi, aia nā hana e like me ka hula ʻana i nā ʻīlio hihiu a me ke kūkulu ʻana i nā pagoda. Mai ka Ming a me Qing dynasties, ua lilo ka maʻamau o ka Mid-Autumn Festival, a ua nui nā wahi i hana i nā hana kūikawā e like me ke kuni ʻana i ka mea ʻala, ka lāʻau Mid-Autumn Festival, hoʻomālamalama i nā kukui hale kiaʻi, hoʻonohonoho i nā kukui lani, hele i ka mahina, a me nā ʻīlio ahi e hula ana.

I kēia lā, ʻaʻole kaulana loa ka pāʻani ma lalo o ka mahina ma mua o ka wā ma mua. Eia nō naʻe, kaulana loa ka mālama ʻana i nā ʻahaʻaina e mahalo ai i ka mahina. Nīnau ka poʻe i ka mahina me ka waina e hoʻolauleʻa ai i ke ola maikaʻi a makemake paha i ko lākou ʻohana ma kahi mamao e olakino a hauʻoli. Nui nā loina a me nā ʻano o ka Mid-Autumn Festival, akā hoʻokomo lākou i ke aloha pau ʻole o ka poʻe i ke ola a me ka makemake i kahi ola maikaʻi.

Aia kā mākou Guangdong Xinle Food Co., Ltd. ma Chaoshan, Guangdong. Ma nā wahi a pau ma Chaoshan, Guangdong, aia kahi maʻamau o ka hoʻomana i ka mahina i ka wā o ka Mid-Autumn Festival. I ke ahiahi, i ka puka ʻana o ka mahina, hoʻonohonoho nā wahine i kahi hihia ma ka pā hale a ma ka lanai e pule ai i ka lewa. Ke aa nui nei na ihoiho kala, ke lohi nei ka paka, a ua piha pu ka papaaina i na hua maikai a me na keke i mea e kaumaha ai. Aia nō ka ʻai ʻana i ke kalo i ka Mid-Autumn Festival. Aia kekahi ʻōlelo ʻōlelo ma Chaoshan: “Halawai ka muliwai me ka waha, a ʻai ʻia ke kalo.” I ʻAukake, ʻo ia ka wā ʻohi kalo, a ua maʻa ka poʻe mahiʻai i ka hoʻomana i ko lākou mau kūpuna me ke kalo. ʻO kēia ka mea pili i ka mahiʻai, akā aia kekahi moʻolelo i hoʻolaha nui ʻia i waena o nā kānaka: i ka makahiki 1279, ua luku nā aliʻi Mongolian i ka Moʻokūʻauhau Song Hema, ua hoʻokumu i ka mōʻī Yuan, a ua hoʻokō i ke aupuni ʻino ma luna o ka poʻe Han. Ua pale ʻo Ma Fa iā Chaozhou e kūʻē i ka mōʻī Yuan. Ma hope o ka luku ʻia ʻana o ke kūlanakauhale, ua luku ʻia nā kānaka. I mea e poina ʻole ai ka ʻawaʻawa o ka noho aliʻi ʻana o ka poʻe Hu, ua lawe nā hanauna ma hope i ka homonym o ke kalo a me ke "poʻo hu", a ua like ke ʻano me ke poʻo kanaka, i mea e mahalo ai i ko lākou mau kūpuna i hoʻoili ʻia. mai kēia hanauna a i kēia hanauna a hiki i kēia lā. Ua kaulana nō hoʻi nā hale kiaʻi puhi ahi ma waena o ka pō ma kekahi mau wahi. ʻO ke kiʻekiʻe o ka hale kiaʻi ʻokoʻa mai ka 1 a 3 mau mika, a ʻo ka hapa nui i hana ʻia i nā tile haki. ʻO nā hale kiaʻi nui aʻe i hana ʻia me nā pōhaku lepo, e helu ana ma kahi o 1/4 o ke kiʻekiʻe o ka hale kiaʻi, a laila hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā tile, waiho ʻia kekahi ma luna. Hoʻohana ʻia ka waha o ka hale kiaʻi no ka hoʻoheheʻe wahie. Ma ke ahiahi o ka Mid-Autumn Festival, e hoʻā ʻia a puhi ʻia. He wahie ka wahie, he ohe, he laiki, a pela aku. Ke ulu ke ahi, pipi ka pauda rosin, a hoohana ia ka lapalapa ahi e hoohiwahiwa, he mea kupanaha loa. Aia nō nā kānāwai no ke kuni ʻana i nā hale kiaʻi ma ka poʻe. ʻO ka mea e puhi i ka ʻikepili a hiki i ka ʻulaʻula loa e lanakila, a ʻo ka mea hāʻule a hāʻule paha i ka wā o ke kaʻina hana e nalowale. E hāʻawi ʻia ka mea lanakila i ka bunting, bonus, a i ʻole makana e ka mea hoʻokipa. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ka puhi ʻana i ka pagoda ke kumu o ke ahi i ka Mid-Autumn Uprising i ka wā i kūʻē ai ka poʻe Han i nā aliʻi hoʻomāinoino i ka hope o ka mōʻī Yuan.

Ua hoʻokumu pū kekahi mau ʻāpana o Kina i nā kuʻuna kūikawā he nui i ka Mid-Autumn Festival. Ma waho aʻe o ka nānā ʻana i ka mahina, hāʻawi i nā mōhai i ka mahina, a me ka ʻai ʻana i nā keke mahina, aia pū kekahi e hula ana i ka deragona ahi ma Hong Kong, Pagodas ma Anhui, nā kumu lāʻau waena ma Guangzhou, nā pagodas puhi i Jinjiang, ka nānā ʻana o ka mahina ma Shihu ma Suzhou. , hoomana mahina no ka poe Dai, a me ka lele mahina o ka poe Miao, aihue ka poe Dong i na ipu mahina, hula poepoe o Gaoshan, a pela aku.


Ka manawa hoʻouna: Sep-09-2022